Characteristics / Features of Financial Planning

Financial planning is the process of predicting the amount of money that will be required and assessing how it will compete with other businesses. In the context of an enterprise, it is the process following characteristics, financial policies and features of financial planning in connection to the purchase, investment, and management of money is important.

Characteristics / Features of Financial Planning for Individuals

The following are some of the important characteristics of financial planning or you can say features of financial planning for individuals.

It is necessary to utilize foresight in planning in order to determine an estimate and the requirement for capital, which may be estimated with the greatest degree of accuracy. A strategy that is imagined without any forethought will spell doom for the company’s operations.

Anticipation of Unforeseen Circumstances

It is important for planners to consider contingencies and emergency circumstances while developing their financial plans. Consequently, some extra capital may be retained in order to satisfy the demands of unanticipated occurrences. Ideally, these situations would be foreseen in advance to avoid any unpleasant surprises.


A solid financial structure should give a straightforward financial framework that is manageable and understood even to the most inexperienced investor. “Simplicity” is a requirement sine qua non for the success of the promoters and management in raising the necessary quantity of cash for their venture. It is also simple to devise a straightforward financial strategy.


Because it becomes essential to repeat the financial changes, flexibility is required in order for it to be easily adaptable.

Makes it Easier to Keep Costs Under Control

The ability to keep costs under control is essential for generating the projected profits and achieving the desired growth. Financial management entails a features of financial planning strategies that are used to maintain the costs of the business within acceptable bounds.

They develop budgets for all of the company’s activities and ensure that all expenditures are in compliance with the budget that has been established. If the cost turns out to be higher than the budgeted amount, financial managers take all necessary steps to correct the situation.

Less Reliance on External Sources of Information

The goal of long-term financial planning should be to decrease reliance on external sources of funding. This is made feasible by reserving a portion of revenues for reinvestment purposes.

The creation of personal money is the method through which financial activities are carried out. Although external money may be required in the beginning, financial planning should be done in such a way that reliance on such funds may be decreased over time.

Optimal Utilization of Funds

Not only should capital be sufficient, but it should also be put to use in a productive manner. A financial strategy should minimize inefficient use of capital, therefore preventing idle capacity, in order to guarantee proper usage of money in order to earn the capacity in a business. Understand types of financial planning as well to get more details about it.

Reduce the Likelihood of an Accident

It is the goal of financial management to reduce risk by maintaining a healthy balance between profitability and risk exposures. Financial managers arrange all of the funds in a sensible manner, after thoroughly examining the many investment options that are accessible.

They assess the investment proposal’s safety, liquidity, profitability, and risk before committing any funds to it or making any decisions about it.


Current assets should be maintained in the form of readily available cash. Cash is also necessary to finance purchases, pay for everyday necessities such as salaries, wages, and other incidental costs, and to cover other expenses.


Finally, but certainly not least, the financial opening should be structured in such a way that the cost of capital acquisition is kept to a bare minimum. There should be no excessive burden placed on the firm as a result of the cash raised.

The fixed dividend on preference shares, as well as the interest on loans and debentures, should all be tied to the company’s earning capability, according to the SEC. In order for the firm to maintain its long-term growth, the fixed interest payments must not diminish the company’s earnings.

Features / Characteristics of Financial Planning in a Business

Let us understand the objectives of financial planning before we get into depth. The following are some of the numerous characteristics of financial planning in a business:

Cash Flow that has been Properly Controlled

The ability to keep a close watch on cash and debt levels can assist you in maintaining a stable business financial situation, which is especially crucial for freshly established firms.

Finances Under One’s Own Name

It is very necessary to receive a wage, regardless of the size of your company. While utilizing business money in the early phases of development, it is not necessary to pay a significant salary. Small company owners who pay themselves enough to meet their National Insurance contributions will be eligible for tax-free treatment on their wages.

While this may be advantageous in the short term, a good financial plan may assist in the accumulation of funds for life events that may occur in the future.

Obtaining Business Objectives

In the same manner that they devote effort to developing long-term company strategies, business leaders should devote time to developing personal goals. Knowing what is personally attainable is just as essential as knowing what is financially attainable when organizing the finances of a firm.

Provision of a Long-Term Safety Net

Financial planning may assist you in determining the direction of your financial decisions. It assists you in making decisions about numerous investments that might help you get out of your financial bind.

Risk has been Reduced

Small firms frequently make the mistake of reinvesting their assets directly back into their own operations. However, doing so raises their financial risk significantly. Ideally, business owners should spread risk over a number of different industries, which will minimise the likelihood and magnitude of losses in the future.

Any investments made should be sufficiently diversified and consistent with the level of risk that your company is willing to accept. Find a well-managed investment policy that allows you to concentrate on running your company.

Helps Decision-Making

Financial planning involves taking stock of your current situation as well as your long-term goals. As a result, it makes decision-making easier. Let’s say you had an effective financial plan in place. You would never be short of cash for your daughter’s wedding or for the purchase of your first automobile.

As a result, you would avoid making any judgments that might negatively impact your financial well-being. This is why financial planning is essential for achieving success since it offers a framework for making decisions.

Having a Reliable Source of Retirement Income

The majority of business owners hope that the sale of their company would provide enough money to finance their retirement years, but in fact, this is often an unknowable variable.

It is vital to prepare for the most optimistic conclusion possible when developing a business finance plan, but it is also important to plan for the most realistic end possible when developing a business finance plan. Putting money down for retirement on a regular basis should be a part of everyone’s financial strategy.


When beginning or running a business, it is critical to have the appropriate insurance in place to protect both the firm and the owner’s personal assets. It is possible that you will require more than one insurance coverage.

If a key employee of a small firm is unexpectedly unable to work, the company may be placed in a precarious position. Insurance against disease, disability, and death should be an integral element of your company’s financial strategy as a means of protecting your employees and shareholders.

Preparing for the Unexpected

The future is unpredictable, and it can be difficult to envision how you or your family might cope in the case of an unforeseen catastrophe such as a death or sickness. A financial planner may assist you in analyzing potential risks and safeguarding your financial assets.

For example, you might construct a durable power of attorney that would take effect if you were to become incapacitated. When you are unable to make choices for yourself physically, this allows someone else to do so on your behalf.

A Reliable Source of Guidance

Choosing a financial advisor that specializes in financial planning for business owners is one of the most important decisions you can make for your company. Their services may assist you in maintaining a clear separation between your business and personal finances, developing future goals, and keeping your assets and investments well managed and diversified, all while you continue to concentrate on expanding your business.

The Bottom Line

When you design and use your financial plan, you are able to see the areas of the business where resources are most needed for growth, such as marketing and expansion, as well as product development and innovation. Without understanding characteristics and features of financial planning the perspective, business decisions become riskier, and firms may find themselves missing out on valuable commercial possibilities.

Originally posted 2021-09-25 01:34:00.