Meaning of Equity Shares with Examples, Benefits and Limitations

The majority of investors in the stock market purchase equity shares. When seeking to capitalise on the historically high rates of return on the stock market, investors frequently choose to purchase equity shares. Investing in stocks is an easy method to become wealthy. The most difficult aspect of investing is selecting the correct stock to purchase. On the other hand, it can be difficult to find solid stocks. It requires a great deal of expertise, knowledge, and comprehension to comprehend what causes stock prices to rise and fall.

Read about different types of trading to understand the related areas of the topic for broader research. The Nifty 50 Index, the primary indicator of the performance of the Indian stock market, has increased by an average of 8.81 percent per year over the past decade. Alternately, if you had invested 5,000 Indian rupees (INR) in the Nifty 50 index ten years ago, you would have 11,630 Indian rupees today (INR).

Meaning of Equity Shares

Sometimes, the term stock refers to an equity share. When an investor invests in a company, they do so with the expectation that their money will generate profits in the future.

When you invest in a company’s stock, you become a part-owner of the company and have the right to vote on important issues. This status entitles you to a proportional share of the company’s profits and losses. As a shareholder, you have the ability to vote, which gives each investor a say in the company’s future direction.

In addition to the possibility that their investments could increase in value, equity shareholders may also receive dividend payments from the company. Companies with greater resources and cash on hand are more likely to pay dividends and bonuses to their shareholders if they are larger and more established.

One way to interpret the term “share” is as a portion of a company’s ownership. When a company is commence, its initial capital requirements are cover by the partners or investors who purchase an ownership stake in the business. As the firm expands, so does its requirement for capital. A firm can obtain funds in a variety of methods, including by obtaining a business loan, locating new business partners, or speaking with possible investors.

How Does Equity Shares Work?

The rule of supply and demand governs the trading of equities on global financial markets. If more investors begin selling their shares, the price of a company’s stock will decline. The price of a company’s stock increases when more individuals desire to purchase it.

Investors will determine whether to purchase or sell equities based on their projections for the company’s future performance. If investors believe a firm will grow in the coming years, they will purchase its stock. It is anticipated that the price of shares will increase as a result. If they believe that the company’s long-term performance will be poor, they will sell their shares.

As a result, the price per share will decrease. The price of a share of stock on the market is determine by both; the level of demand for the stock and the quantity of shares available on the market. To make money on the stock market, you must precisely estimate supply and demand fluctuations.

Limitations of Equity Shares 

The majority of investors desire their portfolios to appreciate over time. In addition, equities shares have historically offered the highest returns of any asset kind. Let’s examine in greater detail some of the issues associated with equity share ownership.

No Priority Over Dividend Pay-outs

When a company is profitable, its management can decide whether or not to provide a dividend to its shareholders in the form of a portion of its profits. When it comes to the distribution of these gains, however, equity owners have the final decision. In this instance, dividend payments are made to bondholders before preference stockholders.

After all other financial commitments have been satisfied, the remaining funds are distributed to equity holders. If a corporation has substantial debt, it will distribute a substantial portion of its income to bondholders. As a result, there will be less money available for stock investors.

Future Potential Risks to the Market

The owner of a bond is totally secured against market fluctuations. Regardless of what the stock market does, you can always count on receiving your interest payments. However, you cannot count on making money on the stock market. Shareholders may be force to sell their shares at a loss if the firm is not performing effectively. Consequently, stock shares are inherently susceptible to risk.

Benefits of Equity Shares to Investors

If the company needs funds, it can obtain a bank loan or issue bonds or debentures. However, investors cannot demand that a business repay money that was loan to it. Additionally, the corporation can choose whether or not to pay dividends. As a result, they are able to reduce their expenses. Even while stock shares and preference shares are both forms of firm ownership, they are not identical. Even though they are both methods of ownership, this is true. Let’s discuss the benefits of stock ownership in further depth.

Possessing the Ability to Vote

The greater an investor’s stake in a corporation, the greater influence that investor has over that company. If you invest in a firm by purchasing equity shares, you will have a vote in its management.

This offers stockholders a voice in the company’s major decisions and in the formulation of its policies. The greater the number of equity shares an investor has, the greater influence that individual has over the company in which they have invested.

Limited Type of Legal Obligation

Limited liability safeguards the investments, profits, and voting rights of equity owners by protecting them from financial risk. Consequently, stockholders have little bearing on the legal issues the company is experiencing. According to the law, equity shareholders are only legally responsible for their investments, profits, and voting rights.


It is easy for investors to buy and sell equities on the stock market because the process is straightforward. In addition to making it easier for investors to buy shares fast, high liquidity also makes it simpler for them to sell shares rapidly if they become concerned about the company’s performance. On the stock market, buying and selling shares of stock is a simple operation.

Profitable Long-term Returns

Long-term, equity shares are one of the only types of assets that have, on average, surpassed inflation. The average return on stock investments over the past decade was 17.60 percent, which is significantly greater than the returns on other types of investments.


We do not provide financial advice, brokerage services, or advisory services of any sort, nor do we make recommendations or tell clients which stocks to buy or sell. We also do not recommend certain stocks for purchase or sale. As an investor, it is essential to keep in mind that equity shares are a sort of asset, not merely a means of generating income.

Before immediately purchasing a company’s shares, you must conduct extensive study on the company’s main strengths and finances. You must also be familiar with the fundamentals of the stock market and have sufficient time. Invest in a manner consistent with your risk tolerance, market knowledge, equity shares understanding and you will be successful.

Originally posted 2022-07-20 11:20:58.