What are Debt Funds? Meaning, How it Works, Advantages

To invest in debt funds, you can purchase fixed income assets such as Commercial Papers (CP), Certificates of Deposit (CD), corporate bonds, Treasury Bills, and other money market products. Numerous individuals invest their hard-earned money in the debt markets in order to generate income. This section discusses about what are debt funds meaning with examples, including who should invest, how they function and the pros, advantages of debt funds.

On the debt market, interest-bearing loans can be bought and sold. You can read more about what are debt markets to understand better. To make this happen, there are a variety of loan types available. According to the Financial Times, many less risk-tolerant investors choose to invest in debt instruments because they perceive them to be less dangerous than equity investments. However, investing in debt yields a lower return than investing in stocks.

What are Debt Funds?

A debt funds means a form of investment instrument whose primary objective is to acquire and hold debt assets. When you purchase a debt instrument, you are essentially transferring funds to the business that issued it. A debt fund invests in derivative financial instruments such as corporate bonds, Treasury bills, and commercial paper.

The primary objective of investing in debt funds is to obtain a continuous source of income while simultaneously growing the value of the money invested. The companies that offer debt securities choose the interest rate and the date of debt repayment. Therefore, these instruments are sometimes refer to as “fixed-income securities.”

How Does Debt Funds Work?

Debt funds invest in a diverse selection of securities based on their credit ratings. The credit rating of a securities indicates the likelihood that the issuer will be unable to fulfil its obligations to investors in the future. The manager of a debt fund ensures the fund invests in credit instruments with good credit ratings. A corporation with a higher credit rating has a better track record of making timely interest and principal payments on its debt securities than one with a lower credit rating.

When debt funds invest in securities with better ratings, their risk is lower compare to when they invest in securities with lower ratings. The investment strategy of the fund management and the interest rate climate of the economy as a whole are two other factors that influence the longevity of a fund. By reducing interest rates, those in charge of the fund will be more inclined to invest in long-term assets. If interest rates increase, he will be more likely to invest in short-term securities.

Who Should Invest in Debt Funds?

Debt funds could be a smart option for anyone seeking to diversify their investing portfolio. Debt funds purchase a wide variety of securities to maximise profits. This allows debt fund to earn a competitive rate of return on their assets. Even if the investment is expect to generate profits, there is no guarantee that it will. Returns on these funds typically fall within a predetermined range.

As a result, they are preferable for investors who prefer to take it easy with their money. They can assist investors in making either short- or long-term investments. Short-term refers to three months to one year, whereas medium-term refers to three to five years.

Conservative / New Investors

Alternatives to bank fixed deposits could include short-term or corporate bond funds for investors who do not wish to invest in equity funds. When interest rates decline, it is more likely that an investment in a debt fund would provide superior returns, as well as a large amount of liquid assets and the option to withdraw funds at any moment.

Medium-term Debt Funds

Debt funds, such as dynamic bond funds, are suitable for investors with a medium-term investment horizon since they are resilient to interest rate fluctuations. After five years, these funds have a better rate of return than bank deposit accounts.

Month-to-month income plans can be an excellent solution if you desire a continuous flow of funds from your investments. When a debt fund matures, principal and a fixed rate of interest are repaid to investors, which appeals to investors who prefer to play it safe.

Short-term Debt Funds

Debt funds, such as liquid funds, may be preferable to savings accounts for a short-term investor. When obtaining cash quickly, liquid funds give daily returns comparable to those of traditional mutual funds, which range between 7 and 9 percent.

Searching for Consistent Income

People in retirement who require a stable source of income but are unwilling to take on excessive risk may profit tremendously from debt funds that prioritise investing in high-quality bonds and/or maintaining short durations.

Acquire Stocks During a Bear Market

Even the most active investor in stocks can profit from a debt fund and a Systematic Transfer Plan (STP). For example, Let us assume that STP is establish between a debt fund and equity fund. The average costs of the debt fund’s investment portfolio will decrease. This is because periodic transfers from the debt fund will be use to purchase units from the equity fund’s investment portfolio.

Searching to Park in Short-term Funds

Families and corporations can invest short-term surplus funds in liquid or ultra-short duration funds, rather than depositing them in a bank account. Even a family’s emergency money may be place in a short-term or liquid fund, where they would generate a modest return. An FMP is a fantastic option for investors who wish to make a long-term investment commitment.

Pros / Advantages of Debt Funds

There are numerous pros, advantages of debt funds. Let us understand one by one below.


These funds are more susceptible to credit risk and interest rate risk than fixed-income bank assets. Thus, debt funds become more risky investments. Regarding credit risk, the fund’s managers have the option of investing in assets with a poor credit rating that are more likely to default. In a scenario with interest rate risk, bond prices could decline as interest rates rise. This would result in having less money to spend.


Any money produced from debt funds is subject to capital gains tax. For tax purposes, the length of time that money has been in a debt fund is consider. A profit realize in less than three years is refer to as a “short-term capital gain” (STCG).

“Long-Term Capital Gains” refers to capital gains realize after at least three years (LTCG). Investors could increase their profits by include the STCG from funds in their income. In this country, the tax rate is proportional to a person’s income. Taking inflation into account, the tax rate on capital gains on debt funds is 20%.


The fee that debt fund managers charge for managing your funds is refer as the expense ratio. The Securities and Exchange Board of India has established a maximum of 2.25 percent of total assets for the expense ratio. Because these funds do not generate as much profit as equity funds, you must hold them for a long time to recoup the money lost owing to their expense ratio.

Considerations before Investing

For investments lasting between three months and one year, liquid funds are an excellent option. This is typically between two and three years for short-term bond funds. Bond funds that are dynamic are a strong investment option for the next three to five years. Investing for the long term typically yields greater returns than investing for the short term.

Return on Investment

These types of funds are secure investments for individuals with low incomes, but they do not guarantee a return on investment. When the overall interest rate of the economy rises, the net asset value (NAV) of a debt fund falls. Due to this, they function well in an environment with low interest rates.

To Meet the Financial Objectives

In addition to your pay, you can utilise loan funds as a source of additional revenue. It is also possible for new investors to obtain cash through debt funds. Pension-eligible individuals may choose to invest the majority of their retirement benefits in a debt fund.


Debt funds can alter the amount of money they earn by, for example, altering the expected duration of their bond portfolios or the quality of their credit. As interest rates decline, investments in long-term debt-heavy funds could yield substantial returns. You may have found it useful to understand meaning of debt funds, how it operates, who should invest in it, and its advantages. We thank you for reading.

Originally posted 2022-05-25 03:00:41.